2004-09-12: Round Table
On December 8, 2004 the Centre for Comparative Political Studies of the IIEPS RAS held a round table "Kosovo: a Problem of Status Designation" .
The following issues were submitted for discussion:
1. The outcome of five year long government of Kosovo by the international community: achievements and failures.
2. Kosovo problem as a matter of Serbian politics and Serbia as a matter of Kosovo policy. Typology of nationalism.
3. Kosovo problem: solution alternatives:
4. Consequences of designating Kosovo's status for Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia, Herzegovina and Croatia.
5. Implications of Kosovo territory's independence: a step towards creation of Greater Albania, towards Serbian consolidation or to a new war in the space of split Yugoslavia.
6. What is your idea concerning Kosovo settlement issue being considered a precedent for other countries. What are possible international and legal consequences of Kosovo territorial status designation? What are expectable implications for the post-Soviet space?
7. Interests and role of individual states and international organizations in providing alternatives for Kosovo status designation (Unified Kosovo, splitting-up, division of Kosovo; conservation of status-quo, standpoints of Brussels, Washington, London, Paris and Berlin).
8. Designation of Kosovo territorial status and Russia's interests. Russia's economic, political and military targets and opportunities as regards Kosovo. Is it possible to achieve a settlement in Kosovo and regional stability without Russia's participation?
For the participation in the conference were invited leading experts, diplomats and journalists from the Balkan states: A.Erasi, charge d'affaires of Albania in RF, Elitsa Kuriak, councilor-ambassador of Serbia and Montenegro Embassy in RF, Z. Boic, correspondent of "Beta" information agency, Branko Vlakhovic, reporter of "Recski novi list" and "Novosti" journals, Vasilevsky, representative of Macedonian republic. The Russian side was represented by Boris A. Shmelyov, head of the Centre of Comparative Political Studies, Kuleshov S.G., deputy editor-in-chief of Vlast' manazine, Paul E. Kandel, head of the Sector for the Institute of Europe, RAS, Sergey A. Romanenko, leading researcher of the IIEPS RAS, Fedorov A.A, representative of Ministry of Foreign Affairs, RF.
During the discussion, the round table participants voiced out an opinion that emergence of Kosovo problem has been preconditioned by the fact that after NATO's war against Yugoslavia of 1999, Kosovo was exempt from the sovereignty of both Serbia and Yugoslavia. The territory's status is to a great extent determined by regulations of Resolution 1244 of UN Security Council. Many speakers stressed a special urgency for settlement a problem of Kosovo, caused by Kosovo Albanians' persistent claims to settle status and grant independence to their territory. Some speakers drew attention to ambivalence of the idea of settlement itself which might be regarded as drawing-up and respecting territorial borders, or as mitigation of inter-ethnic and social tension. The progress of settlement also depends on understanding of the notion "stability in the region" by both the local and international political elites. Settling Kosovo problem is closely interlinked with the prospects of post-Yugoslavian countries' EU and NATO accession, recently developed by Brussels and Washington.
For more information concerning the discussion at the Round table, please, consult the Russian webpage of the Institute www.imepi-eurasia.ru/